Juan Esquivel (c.1560-before 1630)

 

Born in Ciudad Rodrigo, Juan Esquivel was one of Spain’s finest composers of the so-called Siglo de Oro. As with so many figures of his age, we know few biographical details of Esquivel’s life and even his death date is not clear. He appears to have been enrolled as a chorister at his home cathedral in 1568 and would have received musical tuition from Juan Navarro. He went to hold positions at the cathedrals of Oviedo and Calahorra before returning to his native Ciudad Rodrigo in 1591, where he was patronised by Don Pedro Ponce de León, Bishop of Ciudad Rodrigo and Dominican Friar. It was in the nearby city of Salamanca that several volumes of Esquivel’s music were published in the early 17th century. His output is therefore extensive – far greater than Alonso Lobo, for example – and yet today his music remains relatively unknown, probably because surviving copies of his publications are so few and far between (one has been lost entirely). Upon inspection of his three extant publications – a Book of Masses, a Book of Motets (both 1608) and a large volume of diverse pieces including Vesper psalms, hymns, a complete cycle of Magnificats, antiphons and more Masses (1613) – we can see music that is carefully crafted for the liturgy and distinctly “Spanish” in character. Like his Iberian contemporaries – notably Sebastián de Vivanco – archaic contrapuntal practices, such as mensural canons and polytextuality, play a significant role in his work but so too does clarity and concision and there can be no doubt over his place within the pantheon of Spain’s leading musicians.

Juan Esquivel Alma redemptoris image
Juan Esquivel Ascendo ad Patrem mum image
Juan Esquivel Ave Regina caelorum image
Juan Esquivel Missa Ave virgo image

Alma redemptoris mater –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Ascendo ad Patrem meum –
ATTBarB or SAATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Ave Regina caelorum –
AATTB or SSATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Missa Ave virgo sanctissima –
AAT(T)BarB or SSA(A)TB

£15.40 per 10 copies

Juan Esquivel Missa Batalla image
Juan Esquivel Missa de Beata Virgine Sabbato image
Juan Esquivel Canite tuba in Sion image
Juan Esquivel Missa Ductus est Jesus image

Missa Batalla –
AA(AA)TT(T)T(TT)B(B) or SS(SS)AA(A)T(TT)B(B)

£15.40 per 10 copies

Missa de Beata Virgine Sabbato –
A(A)TBarB or S(S)ATB

£15.40 per 10 copies

Canite tuba in Sion –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Missa Ductus est Jesus –
A(A)TBarB or S(S)ATB

£15.40 per 10 copies

Juan Esquivel Duo seraphim image
Juan Esquivel Ego sum panis vivus image
Juan Esquivel Emendemus in melius image
Juan Esquivel Gloria in excelsis Deo image

Duo seraphim –
AATTBarB or SSAATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Ego sum panis vivus –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Emendemus in melius –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Gloria in excelsis Deo –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Juan Esquivel Missa Gloriose Confessor Domini image
Juan Esquivel Missa Hoc est praeceptum meum image
Juan Esquivel Missa Hortus conclusus image
Juan Esquivel In illa die image

Missa Gloriose
Confessor Domini –

A(A)T(T)BarB or S(S)A(A)TB

£15.40 per 10 copies

Missa Hoc est praeceptum meum –
A(A)TBarB or S(S)ATB

£15.40 per 10 copies

Missa Hortus conclusus –
AT(T)BarB or SA(A)TB

£15.40 per 10 copies

In illa die stillabunt montes –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Juan Esquivel In paradisum image
Juan Esquivel Magnificat Secundi toni (odd) image
Juan Esquivel Magnificat Quinti toni (odd) image
Juan Esquivel Nunc Dimittis Octavi toni image

In paradisum –
AATTBarB or SSAATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Magnificat Secundi toni –
A(A)T(T)Bar(Bar)B(B) or S(S)A(A)T(T)B(B)

£7.70 per 10 copies

Magnificat Quinti toni –
AATTBar(Bar)B or SSAAT(T)B

£7.70 per 10 copies

Nunc Dimittis Octavi toni –
A(A)T(T)BarB or S(S)A(A)TB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Juan Esquivel O Cruc benedicta image
Juan Esquivel Officium Defunctorum (1613) image
Juan Esquivel O lux beata Trinitas image
Juan Esquivel O quam gloriosum image

O Crux benedicta –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Officium Defunctorum –
A(A)TTB or S(S)ATB

£23.10 per 10 copies

O lux beata Trinitas –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

O quam gloriosum –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Juan Esquivel O vos omnes image
Juan Esquivel Missa pro defunctis a5 image
Juan Esquivel Missa Quarti Toni image
Juan Esquivel Missa Quasi cedrus image

O vos omnes –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Missa pro defunctis a5 –
AATBarB or SSATB

£15.40 per 10 copies

Missa Quarti Toni –
AATBarB or SSATB

£15.40 per 10 copies

Missa Quasi cedrus –
AT(T)BarB or SA(A)TB

£15.40 per 10 copies

Juan Esquivel Regina caeli image
Juan Esquivel Repleti sunt omnes Spiritu Sancto image
Juan Esquivel Salve Regina image
Juan Esquivel Sancta Maria image

Regina caeli –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Repleti sunt omnes Spiritu Sancto –
AATBarB or SSATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Salve Regina –
A(A)TBarB or S(S)ATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Sancta Maria –
AATBar.ATBarB or SSAT.SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Juan Esquivel Sancti Angeli image
Juan Esquivel Simile est regnum image
Juan Esquivel Sub tuum praesidium image
Juan Esquivel Suscipiens Simeon image

Sancti Angeli –
AATTBarB or SSAATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Simile est regnum caelorum –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Sub tuum praesidium –
ATBarBarB or SATTB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Suscipiens Simeon –
ATTBarB or SAATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Juan Esquivel Te lucis ante terminum image
Juan Esquivel Tria sunt munera image
Juan Esquivel Tu es pastor ovium image
Juan Esquivel Missa Tu es Petrus image

Te lucis ante terminum –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Tria sunt munera –
AATBarB or SSATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Tu es pastor ovium –
AATBarB or SSATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Missa Tu es Petrus –
AAT(T)BarB or SSA(A)TB

£23.10 per 10 copies

Juan Esquivel Missa Ut Re Mi Fa Sol La image
Juan Esquivel Veni Domine image
Juan Esquivel Verbum caro image
Juan Esquivel Vox clamantis image

Missa Ut Re Mi Fa Sol La –
AATBar. ATBarB or SSAT.SATB

£23.10 per 10 copies

Veni Domine –
AATBarB or SSATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Verbum caro –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies

Vox clamantis –
ATBarB or SATB

£7.70 per 10 copies