Francisco Guerrero (1528-1599)
Guerrero was one of the finest Spanish musicians of his generation. At the age of just 17, he was appointed maestro de capilla at Jaén Cathedral before later accepting a similar position at Seville Cathedral, the city of his birth. Although he spent considerably longer working in Spain than other Spanish composers, he was able to travel, spending time in Italy (where large collections of his music were published) and the Holy Land. Furthermore, unlike Morales and Victoria, he composed secular music alongside his large output of liturgical music. However, it is for his sacred works that he is most remembered, particularly his motets which are carefully crafted and sometimes very dramatic. As well as being a first rate composer, he was also a great teacher and his pupils included composers such as Alonso Lobo, who would later pay tribute to his teacher by composing 5 of his 6 Masses as parodies of motets by Guerrero.